Airedale Terrier

Dog Breed Profile

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Airedale Terrier History

The Airedale Terrier is a breed of medium to large-sized terrier, noted for its great size and strength. In 2005, the Kennel Club ranked it the second most popular pet dog in the United Kingdom. The origins of the Airedale are unclear; some sources suggest that it descends from crosses between rough-coated and wire-haired Foxhounds and Bulldogs, while others suggest it descends from crosses between English Foxhounds and a larger type of Yorkshire Terrier, or that it comes from a mix of other breeds, including the Manchester Terrier, the Talbot Hound and the Harrier. The Airedale was originally bred for hunting, but nowadays they are more often used as family pets. The Airedale was introduced to America by English settlers in 1840, and was first shown at the Westminster Kennel Club Show in 1885. Today, the Airedale is one of 14 different varieties of the terrier group, which also includes the Border Collie, the Yorkshire Terrier, the Cairn Terrier and the Smooth Fox Terrier.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin


Airedale Terrier Physical Characteristics

The Airedale Terrier is a medium sized, long coated, coarse breed with short legs, erect ears, and a bushy tail. Their weight is between 50 and 60 lbs. The head is broad with large, round, dark eyes. The muzzle is of moderate length, and the nose is dark. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. The neck is of medium length. The body is firm and well muscled. The legs are straight, with well-sheathed feet. The angulation of the hindquarters is moderate. The tail is high set, thick and tapering to a point. The coat is of hard texture, slightly wavy, and comes in all shades of brindle, from light to almost black. The hair is short, not lying flat. The undercoat is thick. The bristles on the undercoat are soft and form a dense undercoat. The Airedale has a double coat of fur; the outer one being slightly longer and softer than the inner. The hair on the head, ears and back of forelegs are shorter, and the hair on the stomach, sides and hindquarters are longer. The nails are strong and black in color.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 22 – 24 inches

Female Height Range: 21 – 23 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 44 – 50 lbs

Female Weight Range: 40 – 47 lbs

Airedale Terrier Health

Description of breed health.


11-14 yrs

Airedale Terrier Health Concerns

Entropion, Hip Dysplasia, Cerebellar Abiotrophy, Thyroid, Corneal Opacities, Heart Problems

Airedale Terrier Temperament and Behaviour

Airedale Terriers are confident, courageous, determined, and obedient dogs. They have a strong will and are not easily intimidated. They are friendly and affectionate with their family, but can be reserved around strangers. Airedales are active and playful, and love to explore their surroundings. They require a lot of exercise and need to be kept busy. Airedales are intelligent and easily trained. They make good watchdogs and are protective of their family and property.

Airedale Terrier Activity Requirements

Airedale Terriers were bred to be all-purpose farm dogs in England. Over the years, they have become popular as pets, show animals, and companions. Most Airedales will be happiest when they have regular opportunities to play and explore. They enjoy long walks, but can also play a good game of fetch. They love to dig, so it’s a good idea to provide yours with an area to romp around in. A yard or dog park is an ideal place for an Airedale. They need room to run, jump, and dig. If you’re considering an Airedale, be sure you have a space where they can safely use their natural instincts.

Miles Per Day

7 miles

Activity Per Day

60 minutes

Daily Food

3 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Airedale Terrier is part of the Terrier group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Airedale Terrier is part of the Terrier group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Airedale Terrier is part of the Terrier group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Airedale Terrier is part of the Terrier group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.