American Eskimo

Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds Non-Sporting American Eskimo

American Eskimo History

The American Eskimo Dog, or Eskie, is a low to the ground, medium-sized, short-coated Spitz-type Arctic sled-dog. The Eskie was developed by crossing the Bearded Collie and the Pomeranian in the Great Lakes region of the United States. In 1983, the American Kennel Club recognized the Eskie as a distinct breed of its own, but the German standard still classifies the Eskie as a variety of the German Shepherd. The origins of the name “Eskimo” are uncertain, but it is thought to be derived from the term “eskimot”, a term used by the Inuit people to describe the indigenous people of Greenland.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin




American Eskimo Physical Characteristics

The American Eskimo is a medium, short-haired breed of domestic dogs. They weigh 12-18 pounds and stand 11-15 inches at the shoulders. The breed has a thick double coat of fur that comes in any color or combination of colors and patterns. The ears are erect and triangular in shape and the tail is bushy. The muzzle is white and the nose is black. The eyes can be blue, green, or amber. They are smart, energetic, and friendly.

Eye Colors

Brown, Amber

Nose Colors

Black, Brown

Coat Colors

Fawn, White

Height Range

Male Height Range: 15 – 19 inches

Female Height Range: 15 – 19 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 20 – 40 lbs

Female Weight Range: 20 – 40 lbs

American Eskimo Health

Description of breed health.


12-14 yrs

American Eskimo Health Concerns

Retinal Dysplasia, Hip Dysplasia, Addison’s Disease, Patellar Luxation

American Eskimo Temperament and Behaviour

The American Eskimo Dog is an intelligent, active breed that is alert and eager to please. They are known for their devotion to their families and their playful, friendly nature. American Eskimo Dogs are quick learners and are very obedient. They are also known for their protective instincts and their loyalty to their owners. American Eskimo Dogs are social animals and enjoy being around people. They are usually good with children and other pets.

American Eskimo Activity Requirements

American Eskimo dogs are medium-sized, intelligent, and outgoing. Originally bred as hunting dogs, they are quick, agile, and energetic. While they are not quite at the same level as some other breeds, American Eskimos do require regular exercise. They are best suited to an active home where they can get some vigorous play time. They are smart dogs and they enjoy learning new tricks, so training sessions can be a good way to expend some of their energy. A daily walk or jog will also give them the outdoor time they need. If you are looking for a strong, smart, and loyal dog, the American Eskimo may be the right breed for you. They do require regular walks and playtime, so be sure to take this into account when you are considering this breed.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

2.5 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

American Eskimo is part of the Non-Sporting group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Not Recognized

American Eskimo is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Not Recognized

American Eskimo is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

American Eskimo is part of the Non-Sporting group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.