Australian Shepherd

Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds United States of America Australian Shepherd

Australian Shepherd History

The Australian Shepherd is a medium-sized working and herding dog that was originally developed in Australia. Their name comes from the fact that, historically, they were used to help farmers herd cattle and drive sheep. Today, they are a popular family pet and compete in many different types of events, including obedience, agility, flyball, and conformation. The first descriptions of the Australian Shepherd date back to the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The breed is thought to have descended from various European herding dogs, such as the Spanish Mastín, Italian Alsatian, and long-haired Collie.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin

United States Of America


Basque Shepherd

Australian Shepherd Physical Characteristics

The Australian Shepherd is a medium to large-sized herding dog that originally came from the wild sheep-herding dogs of Australia. They are known for their intelligence, trainability, and versatility. They typically have a medium-length, straight or wavy coat of any color, and come in a variety of color combinations. They have thick, weather resistant double coats. They have low set ears, a square or slightly oval face, and a long tail. They stand between 18 and 23 inches tall at the shoulders and weigh between 45 and 70 pounds. They have dense, weatherproof, curly, or harsh coats. Their coloring ranges from solid red to blue merle, tri-colored, or sable. They have dark, almond-shaped eyes, and medium length, thin tails.

Eye Colors

Blue, Brown, Amber

Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 20 – 23 inches

Female Height Range: 18 – 21 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 55 – 70 lbs

Female Weight Range: 35 – 55 lbs

Australian Shepherd Health

Description of breed health.


12-15 yrs

Australian Shepherd Health Concerns

Cataract, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Hip Dysplasia, CEA, Von Willebrand’s Disease, Distichiasis, Deafness, OCD, Nasal Solar Dermatitis, Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Australian Shepherd Temperament and Behaviour

The Australian Shepherd breed is a medium-sized dog breed that is known for its high intelligence and its intense work ethic. This breed is also known for its loyalty, its gentle nature, and its willingness to please its owners. Australian Shepherds are active dogs that need a lot of exercise and stimulation in order to stay happy and healthy. They are quick learners and are very responsive to training. This breed is also known for its strong herding instinct and its protective nature.

Australian Shepherd Activity Requirements

Australian Shepherds are a high-energy, intelligent, and sensitive breed that was developed to herd livestock. They are often considered the most athletic of the herding breeds. While Australian Shepherds can be very active, they don’t need to be extremely active. Many of their exercises can be incorporated into their daily routine. A morning walk or jog, combined with an afternoon of play, is a good option for an Australian Shepherd. They enjoy playing and can be very enthusiastic, so it is important to supervise them when they are playing with children. Australian Shepherds can do well in any living situation, but they need a home where they can get regular exercise. A home with a fenced-in backyard is also a good choice.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

2.5 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Australian Shepherd is part of the Herding group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Australian Shepherd is part of the Pastoral group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Australian Shepherd is part of the Working group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Australian Shepherd is part of the Herding group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.