Belgian Malinois

Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds Herding Belgian Malinois

Belgian Malinois History

The Belgian Malinois is a medium-sized, compact, square-proportioned working dog. The coat is of moderate length, hard and straight. The colour is black, from head to tail, with white markings on the muzzle, throat, chest, feet, and tip of tail.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin




Belgian Malinois Physical Characteristics

The Belgian Malinois is a medium-sized, short-coated herding dog that is typically 24 to 26 inches tall at the wither and weighs between 45 and 60 pounds. They have a sleek, muscular body and a narrow head with a wide muzzle. Their ears are erect and pointed and their eyes are dark-colored. They have facial hair that resembles a mustache. The Belgian Malinois is agile and highly energetic.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 24 – 26 inches

Female Height Range: 22 – 24 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 60 – 80 lbs

Female Weight Range: 40 – 65 lbs

Belgian Malinois Health

Description of breed health.


10-14 yrs

Belgian Malinois Health Concerns

Usually A Very Healthy Breed, Epilepsy, Pannus, Skin Allergies

Belgian Malinois Temperament and Behaviour

The Belgian Malinois is very intelligent, calm, and devoted to their owners. They are strong and courageous, and are an excellent working dog. They are highly trainable and are easy to train for police, military, and protection work.

Belgian Malinois Activity Requirements

The Belgian Malinois was bred to be a versatile, intelligent working dog. They excel at a number of tasks and are highly trainable. Today, they are used for police work as well as search and rescue. While they were originally bred for hard work, Malinois are also fun-loving, playful dogs. They love to spend time with their owners and do best with an active family. A daily walk is a great form of exercise and will help keep your Malinois happy and healthy. If you are looking for a high energy, high-energy dog, a Belgian Malinois may not be the best choice. They are very athletic and intelligent, but they require less physical exercise than many other dogs. They like to play, but they will also enjoy lounging around with you.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

3 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Belgian Malinois is part of the Herding group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Belgian Malinois is part of the Pastoral group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Not Recognized

Belgian Malinois is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Belgian Malinois is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.