Belgian Sheepdog

Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds Herding Belgian Sheepdog

Belgian Sheepdog History

The Belgian Sheepdog is a herding and watchdog breed of medium to large-sized working dogs. It is one of three varieties of the Belgian Shepherd; the other two are the Laekenois and Groenendael. The Belgian sheepdog is one of only two Continental herding breeds to have an entirely black coat. The origins of the Belgian sheepdog are unclear. It is believed to be descended from the molosser-type dogs, which date back thousands of years in places such as Greece, Italy, Egypt and Rome. The ancestor of the modern Belgian shepherd was a black-and-tan variety, which was found in a number of different regions. These early varieties were larger than modern strains, measuring between 60 and 70 centimetres (23 and 28 in) at the withers. The modern form was standardised in Belgium in 1934, after a number of crosses with local farm dogs.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin




Belgian Sheepdog Physical Characteristics

The Belgian Sheepdog is a small, medium-to-large breed of herding dog. The breed has a compact build and is sturdy and agile. The dog has a rectangular head, a moderately long muzzle and prick ears. The breed comes in three varieties: Groenendael, Laekenois, and Tervueren. All four types have shaggy coats with long hair and a thick undercoat.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 24 – 26 inches

Female Height Range: 22 – 24 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 55 – 75 lbs

Female Weight Range: 40 – 60 lbs

Belgian Sheepdog Health

Description of breed health.


10-12 yrs

Belgian Sheepdog Health Concerns

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Hip Dysplasia, Hypothyroidism, Cancer, Cataracts, Epilepsy

Belgian Sheepdog Temperament and Behaviour

The Belgian Sheepdog is a cheerful and outgoing dog that is devoted and attached to its owner. They are very intelligent and obedient, and are great with kids. They are naturally protective and make good guard dogs. They are loving and loyal to their family, but may act aggressively toward strangers.

Belgian Sheepdog Activity Requirements

Belgian Sheepdogs are known for their high intelligence, loyalty, and friendliness. While they are not quite as high-energy as some other breeds, they do require regular exercise. A daily walk or jog will provide your Belgian Sheepdog with the physical exercise they need. They will also benefit from some other playtime as well, such as playing fetch or chasing a ball. If you are looking for a low-energy dog, you may want to consider a different breed. However, if you have an active lifestyle and are looking for an intelligent, loyal companion, a Belgian Sheepdog may be the perfect match for you.

Miles Per Day

9 miles

Activity Per Day

60 minutes

Daily Food

2.5 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Belgian Sheepdog is part of the Herding group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Belgian Sheepdog is part of the Pastoral group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Belgian Sheepdog is part of the Working group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Belgian Sheepdog is part of the Herding group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.