Dog Breed Profile

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Bolognese History

The Bolognese is a medium-sized Italian breed of domesticdog. The origin of the Bolognese is debated. Some claim that the Bolognese is derived from a cross between the Saluki and the Greyhound, while others believe that the ancestor of the Bolognese was the Italian Greyhound. The name Bolognese comes from the region of Bologna, where the Bolognese were bred by farmers and shepherds. The first standard for the Bolognese was written in 1891 and officially recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) in 1898. The standards have changed very little since then.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin



Bichon Frise, Maltese

Bolognese Physical Characteristics

The Bolognese is a small, medium-size breed that is typically between 11 and 14 inches in height at the shoulders and weigh between 15 and 30 pounds. They have a rounded, compact body and a rectangular head with dark eyes, wide nostrils, and a flat muzzle. They have a thick, long, rough, straight hair that is usually either red (or “fawn”), white, or black. The tail is bushy, and the feet are large, round, and webbed. They are intelligent, strong, courageous, and alert.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 10 – 12 inches

Female Height Range: 10 – 12 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 5 – 10 lbs

Female Weight Range: 5 – 10 lbs

Bolognese Health

Description of breed health.


12-14 yrs

Bolognese Health Concerns

Patellar Luxation, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Cataracts, Hip Dysplasia, Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease, Otitis Externa, Allergies

Bolognese Temperament and Behaviour

The Bolognese is a playful and sociable dog that is eager to learn and please. They have moderate energy levels and do well in apartments. They are suitable for homes with children, but should be supervised around younger children. They are protective of their family members and can be territorial with strangers.

Bolognese Activity Requirements

The Bolognese is an old, aristocratic Italian dog, and is best known as a companion and watch dog. While they were originally bred as hunting dogs, today they are most commonly kept as pets. While they are not particularly high-energy, they still require regular exercise. They are a very active breed of dog, and if they don’t get enough exercise and mental stimulation, they can become destructive. If you are looking for a loyal, playful, and intelligent companion, the Bolognese may be perfect for you. They are a very intelligent and adaptable breed, and they excel at a variety of activities and sports.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

1 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Bolognese is part of the Foundation Stock Service group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Bolognese is part of the Toy group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Bolognese is part of the Toy group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Bolognese is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.