Border Terrier

Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds England Border Terrier

Border Terrier History

The Border Terrier is a breed of terrier originating in Northumberland, which fought for its survival during the Victorian period. The Border was originally used for hunting and as a guard, and it is still a capable hunter. It is an energetic and enthusiastic character, and is good at sports. The origin of the Border is disputed. Some say it was descended from the Tweed Waterside, a spaniel-type gundog of unknown origin, while others believe it crossed the Irish Sea with the Foxhound during the 17th or 18th century. The Borders were described by the writer James Fenton as “a coarse, strong, wiry, short-legged, close-lying, grey-coated, brown- and black-marked, hard-mouthed, untiring little dog, with a wonderfully sagacious and piercing eye, and a most courageous heart”.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin

Scotland, England

Border Terrier Physical Characteristics

The Border Terrier is a small, medium-sized, long-haired, muscular, and athletic breed that typically stands between 11.5 and 15.5 inches at the shoulders and weighs between 12 and 20 pounds. They have a short, dense, rough, double layer, harsh, wiry, and bristly coat that is either red, brindle, or a mixture of these colors. They have a fox-like head, alert eyes, and a clear, wide, and muscular jaw. They are highly intelligent and agile.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 10 – 11 inches

Female Height Range: 10 – 11 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 13 – 15 lbs

Female Weight Range: 11 – 14 lbs

Border Terrier Health

Description of breed health.


12-15 yrs

Border Terrier Health Concerns

Cataracts, Retinal Dysplasia, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Fanconi Syndrome

Border Terrier Temperament and Behaviour

The Border Terrier is an energetic, loving, and brave breed of dog. They are fun-loving and affectionate, but they can sometimes be very independent and willful. They are highly trainable and are known to be both gentle and protective.

Border Terrier Activity Requirements

Border Terriers are small, muscular dogs that originated in the United Kingdom. They are intelligent, feisty, and energetic, and most will need a moderate amount of daily exercise. While they are very active and playful, Border Terriers are not a high-energy breed. A moderate amount, such as a daily walk or a game of fetch, will be sufficient for most. If you are looking for a dog that is content to relax on the couch with you, a Border Terrier may not be the right match. They are highly active and outgoing, and they need time and space to play and exercise.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

1 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Border Terrier is part of the Terrier group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Border Terrier is part of the Terrier group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Border Terrier is part of the Terrier group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Border Terrier is part of the Terrier group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.