Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds Herding Briard

Briard History

The Briard is a medium-to-large French herding dog that originated in the Rhône-Alpes region of France. The Briard is a highly intelligent, agile, and athletic canine. The Briard is distinguished from other herding breeds by its curly, corded coat. The distinctive appearance of the Curly-coated Retriever gave rise to the mistaken belief that both breeds were the same. The Briard was once used as a working sheepdog, helping to herd and guard flocks of livestock such as sheep and goats. Though still a working dog, the Briard is now primarily a family pet. The demand for the breed increased in the mid-20th century, leading to the establishment of dedicated registries and fancier clubs.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin




Briard Physical Characteristics

The Briard is a large, medium-large, and giant-sized breed that typically stands between 25 and 30.5 inches tall at the withers and weighs between 75 and 170.5 pounds. They have a large head with a flat-topped skull, long muzzle, and wide-set, triangular ears. Their legs are well proportioned to the body and they have webbed feet. The Briard has a thick, coarse, weather-resistant double coat. The undercoat is thick and dense and the outer-coat is long, straight, and harsh. They have a thick mane and beard. The Briard is an energetic, alert, aloof, and brave dog.

Eye Colors

Brown, Amber

Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 23 – 27 inches

Female Height Range: 22 – 25 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 75 – 100 lbs

Female Weight Range: 50 – 65 lbs

Briard Health

Description of breed health.


10-12 yrs

Briard Health Concerns

Panosteitis, Hip Dysplasia, Bloat, Patellar Luxation, Elbow Dysplasia, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Cataracts, Corneal Dystrophy

Briard Temperament and Behaviour

The Briard is a gentle and good-natured dog that is especially patient with children. They are highly trainable and great for competing in agility, tracking, and obedience. They are generally quiet and calm, but they can also be active and protective.

Briard Activity Requirements

The Briard is a large, muscular, and athletic herding dog. These dogs were originally from France, where they were used to guard livestock. Today, they are a popular companion and working dog. While Briards are active and energetic, they are also extremely intelligent and sensitive. They are happy to work hard, but they also know how to relax with their favorite humans. They are a breed of their own, with a mind of their own, and they require a great deal of attention and affection. If you are considering a Briard, be prepared to keep up with their intelligence and energy level. They thrive in a home where they are provided with plenty of exercise and room to roam.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

2.5 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Briard is part of the Herding group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Briard is part of the Pastoral group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Briard is part of the Working group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Briard is part of the Herding group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.