Bucovina Shepherd

Dog Breed Profile

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Bucovina Shepherd History

The Bucovina Shepherd is a Molosser-type sheepdog from Romania. The Romanian Molosser-type sheepdog is thought to be the oldest in the world. The Romanian shepherd was thought to have been first imported to the West by Baron Louis Lupo, a Transylvanian aristocrat, in 1891. The first dogs were believed to have arrived in England in 1901 from Lupo’s kennels in Wallachia, using false papers. Soon after the import began, the Romanian shepherd became very popular, and breeders began to exchange dogs and breeding stock. In 1912, the International Sheep Dog Society was formed in Britain, and in 1913, the Kennel Club (UK) recognized the Romanian shepherds. The Romanian shepherd was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1925. The Bucovina Shepherd is a Hungarian version of the Apfelschwein, a breed of cattle guardian. It is closely related to the Transylvanian Translyvanian Shepherd, and both are descended from the medieval Old Hungarian Sheepdogs. The Bucovina Shepherd is a medium-sized working dog. It is well muscled and look powerful. The head is wedge-shaped, the eyes almond-shaped and the ears are large and erect. The tail is carried low, reaching to the hock. The coat is waterproof, hard, long, and straight. The coat color can be almost any solid color.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin




Bucovina Shepherd Physical Characteristics

The Bucovina Shepherd is a medium sized, muscular, well-proportioned, working breed. Their head is in proportion to their body, with a medium, wide skull, well set on shoulders, of moderate length, a good reach, with well-developed jaws, and with powerful teeth, showing a perfect scissor bite. The nose is broad and black. The ears are medium sized and set high. The eyes are not prominent, almond-shaped, dark, with a friendly expression. The neck is of medium length, straight, robust, strong and muscular. The back is very strong, long, level, and muscular. The croup is short, strong, and high. The tail is thick at the base, set low, and reaching to the hock; it is carried in a curve over the back when the dog is in motion. The abdomen is well developed, of medium width and deepness, and the ribs are well sprung. The legs are straight, of proportionate length, with quite short, thick, and strong pasterns. The feet are hard, with arched toes, and compact, with nails that are always white.

Eye Colors

Hazel, Brown

Nose Colors


Coat Colors

Brindle, Black, Brown, Pied, White

Height Range

Male Height Range: 27 – 30 inches

Female Height Range: 25 – 28 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 70 – 120 lbs

Female Weight Range: 60 – 110 lbs

Bucovina Shepherd Health

Description of breed health.


10-15 yrs

Bucovina Shepherd Health Concerns

Skeletal/Joint Conditions, Joint Dysplasia, Ear Infections, Eye Infections

Bucovina Shepherd Temperament and Behaviour

The Bucovina Shepherd is a determined and courageous dog that is also gentle and affectionate. They are very intelligent and love to please their owners. They love to be active and are great at learning new tricks. The have a loud bark and make great watch dogs.

Bucovina Shepherd Activity Requirements

The Bucovina Shepherd is a rare breed of dog that shares ancestry with the Carpathian Mountains. These dogs are large, powerful, and known for their loyalty and courage. The Bucovina Shepherd does require a significant amount of exercise and is likely to become restless or destructive without it. These dogs are best suited to homes with acreage where they can roam and hike. If you are looking for a highly active dog, the Bucovina Shepherd will be the perfect fit. They need lots of space and lots of activity. If you are looking for a couch potato, this may not be the breed for you.

Miles Per Day

14 miles

Activity Per Day

60 minutes

Daily Food

4 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Bucovina Shepherd is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Bucovina Shepherd is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Not Recognized

Bucovina Shepherd is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Bucovina Shepherd is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.