Cairn Corgi

Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds United States of America Cairn Corgi

Cairn Corgi History

The Cairn Terrier is a terrier, a type of dog in the scenthound family. It originated on the Isle of Skye in Scotland. The Scottish Highlands are dominated by the rugged peaks of the Cuillin Hills and the Torridon Mountains, which are crisscrossed by a multitude of ancient pathways and tracks. The terrain is rough and rocky, with glens and lochans (small lakes), often shrouded in mist, and heather, bog myrtle, and blaeberry abound. On these hills live the hardy, crofter inhabitants who tend the villages, farms, and sheep. In days of old, these isolated crofters were self-sufficient and had little contact with the outside world, except to trade their wool and mutton at the markets on the mainland. They kept no cattle, but relied on the sheep and goats for their livelihood. Hunting, an important part of their food supply, was practiced both to supplement their diet and as a means of pest control. The farmers of those days needed small, wiry, hard-working dogs to help them tend their flocks, and the Cairn Terrier was well suited to the task. These dogs were soon recognized by the British Kennel Club in 1873 and named “The Skye Terrier”. A name change was required in 1891 when Queen Victoria became Empress of India, and the name “The Indian” was coined to describe this loyal little worker. It was not until 1945 that “The Indian” was finally changed to “The Cairn”, which is its modern-day official name.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin

United States Of America

Cairn Corgi Physical Characteristics

The Cairn Terrier is a small, medium-to-large sized, intelligent, rustic, and hardy breed of terrier that originated in Scotland. The breed is bred to hunt cairns, or rock piles, and the short, coarse, weather-resistant outer coat has wiry undercoat. The breed is brave and tenacious, and is fond of human companionship. The Cairn is wired for action; they are athletic, agile, and tireless. The breed has short hair, with males growing to a height of 9.5 inches (24 cm) and females to 8.5 inches (22.5 cm). The male has a more muscular frame, with the female appearing more delicate. Cairns are loving, sociable dogs, but need to be properly trained and socialized to avoid behavior problems.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 10 – 11 inches

Female Height Range: 10 – 11 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 15 – 25 lbs

Female Weight Range: 15 – 25 lbs

Cairn Corgi Health

Description of breed health.


12-14 yrs

Cairn Corgi Health Concerns

Intervertebral Disc Disease, Hip Dysplasia, Patellar Luxation, Cataracts, Glaucoma, Von Willebrand’s Disease, Bladder Stones

Cairn Corgi Temperament and Behaviour

The Cairn Terrier is a feisty and energetic breed that likes to play. They are bold and adventurous, but are also known to be very gentle and sensitive. They are protective of their family, but they can also be somewhat aloof with strangers. They are generally good with older children, but may attempt to herd younger children. They need to be socialized from a young age.

Cairn Corgi Activity Requirements

Cairn Terriers were first bred to hunt vermin and badgers. Today, they are known as being intelligent and alert. They are very clever and excel at many canine sports, including obedience and agility. Since they were bred to be independent workers, Cairn Terriers aren’t as needy as some breeds when it comes to exercise and attention. However, they do enjoy spending time with their owners. A daily walk is a good way to get your Cairn Terrier outside and exercising. They will also enjoy a session of play in the yard, especially if it includes a tennis ball. The Cairn Terrier is an intelligent and alert dog. Like many terriers, they are a high-energy, busy breed. They need regular exercise and mental stimulation. If your lifestyle is too busy for an energetic dog, a Cairn Terrier may not be the best choice.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food


Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Cairn Corgi is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Cairn Corgi is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Not Recognized

Cairn Corgi is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Cairn Corgi is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.