Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds Herding Canaan

Canaan History

The Canaan Dog is an ancient, indigenous, medium-sized, scenthound. It is related to the extinct Ibizan Hound and is believed to have originated in North Africa. The Canaan Dog is the national dog of Algeria.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin




Canaan Physical Characteristics

The Canaan Dog is a large, medium-sized, or giant-sized breed of domestic dog. The breed is recognized by the American Kennel Club who categorizes it as a working breed. They originated in Israel from Israelite shepherds and Bedouin nomads. There are two recognized types of the Canaan Dog: a long haired type and a short haired type. The long hair type is taller and leaner than the short-haired type and is white with tan markings. The hair on the legs and tails of the long-haired types is longer than that of the short-haired types. The short hair type is shorter and stockier and is pure white. The hair on the legs and tail of the short hair types are shorter than that of the long-haired types.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 20 – 24 inches

Female Height Range: 19 – 23 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 45 – 55 lbs

Female Weight Range: 35 – 45 lbs

Canaan Health

Description of breed health.


12-15 yrs

Canaan Health Concerns

Hip And Elbow Dysplasia, Patellar Luxation, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Mono/Bilateral Cryptorchidism, Epilepsy

Canaan Temperament and Behaviour

The Canaan is a confident and protective dog that makes a great family pet. They are highly intelligent and willing to please, making them easy to train. They are devoted and loyal to their owners, but may exhibit some guarding behavior with strangers. They are athletic and agile and are often used for police and military work.

Canaan Activity Requirements

The Canaan Dog is an ancient dog that originated in Israel. They are a primitive, independent, and loyal breed that is extremely protective. While they often have a bad reputation for being aggressive, they are actually very loving and devoted. The Canaan Dog is not a very active or high-energy dog. In fact, they are known for being lazy. They do require daily exercise and mental stimulation, but they don’t need as much as other breeds. A daily walk or a game of fetch is enough to keep your Canaan happy and healthy. The Canaan Dog is best suited to homes where they can spend most of their time indoors. They are very susceptible to heat. If you live in a hot climate, this may not be the best breed for you. While they have a short, easy to care for coat, they are sensitive to temperature extremes.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

2.5 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Canaan is part of the Herding group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Canaan is part of the Utility group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Canaan is part of the Non-Sporting group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Canaan is part of the Working Dog group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.