Canadian Eskimo

Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds Utility Canadian Eskimo

Canadian Eskimo History

The Canadian Eskimo Dog, also known as the Inuit Dog or Qimmiq, is a medium-sized working dog that was originally developed in Canada by the Inuit people. The Inuktitut name for the Canadian Eskimo Dog is ?qimmit or ?ummit, which is translated as “dog”. The Inupiat people of southern Alaska also developed a closely related regional variation of the Canadian Eskimo Dog. The Inupiat name of that variation is ?it qamutik or ?it kamutik, which is roughly translated as “dog”. The Canadian Eskimo Dogs are medium-sized, lively, intelligent, and alert. They are strong and sturdy, and they are known for their endurance. The temperament of the Canadian Eskimo Dogs tends to be docile and loving, and they are also very protective of their families.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin




Canadian Eskimo Physical Characteristics

The Canadian Eskimo is a medium sized breed that typically stands between 17 and 21 inches at the withers and weighs between 50 and 70 lbs. They have strong bones and a thick but short, white coat of fur that insulates them from the cold. Their ears are erect, set high, and hang down. Their tail is thick at the base and tapers to a fine point. Their eyes are typically almond shaped and they have large, round feet that keep them warm and dry.

Eye Colors

Brown, Amber

Nose Colors

Black, Brown

Coat Colors

White, Red, Gray, Sable, Black

Height Range

Male Height Range: 28 – 38 inches

Female Height Range: 22 – 28 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 70 – 90 lbs

Female Weight Range: 55 – 70 lbs

Canadian Eskimo Health

Description of breed health.


12-14 yrs

Canadian Eskimo Health Concerns

Hip Dysplasia, Addison’s Disease, Gastric Dilation Volvulus, Cataracts, Allergies, Hepatitis

Canadian Eskimo Temperament and Behaviour

The Canadian Eskimo Dog is a quiet, obedient and devoted companion that enjoys being with people. They are playful with their family, but may be shy with strangers. They are mostly inactive indoors, but need plenty of exercise outdoors. They are highly intelligent and respond well to basic training, but can become bored without proper mental stimulation.

Canadian Eskimo Activity Requirements

Canadian Eskimo Dogs are athletic, intelligent, and fun-loving. This is a high-energy, high-spirited dog that loves to play. A Canadian Eskimo Dog will need at least one hour of aerobic exercise each day. They are great for an active owner who likes to spend time outdoors. The thick coat and abundance of energy makes this a demanding breed for an owner who isn’t able to spend a lot of time with their dog. As a working dog, Canadian Eskimo Dogs are happiest when they have a job to do. They excel at a number of canine sports, including weight pulling, competitive obedience, and agility. If you are looking for a great partner, consider one of these smart, fun, and loyal breeds.

Miles Per Day

14 miles

Activity Per Day

45 minutes

Daily Food

3 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Canadian Eskimo is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Canadian Eskimo is part of the Working group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Canadian Eskimo is part of the Utility group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Canadian Eskimo is part of the Working Dog group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.