Cattle Shepherd

Dog Breed Profile

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Cattle Shepherd History

The Cattle Guard is a dog that was originally used to protect livestock from predators, especially from wolves. The cattle guard does best in west Texas, where the longhorn cattle roam free and wolf attacks are frequent. The history of the Cattle Guard goes back to the first Spanish explorers in Texas who realized that the wolf was a constant threat to their cattle herds. The Longhorn and the Mexican Wolf were locked in a battle for dominance in the Great Plains. As the Spanish settlers spread out across the southwest, they encountered the fierce Mexican wolf, which preyed upon their grazing stock. So, the cattlemen developed a plan to destroy the wolves’ breeding ground by driving the animals toward Mexico, where they would be killed by the thousands. The Spaniards quickly discovered that herding would permit them to drive their flocks faster and farther than hunters on horseback. Thus, the cattlemans began using dogs as an integral part of their operation.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin


Cattle Shepherd Physical Characteristics

The Cattle Dog, or American Heeler, is a medium-sized, muscular, working breed that is commonly used in the United States as a cattle herder. They have a long and slender, slightly arched neck, and their long, level back is straight, with a deep, wide, and well-sprung rib cage. They have a rectangular head, and their muzzle is moderately deep. The eyes of the Cattle Dog are large, round, and dark brown and the ears are high set and erect. They have a thick, double coat of fur that is either gray, red, white, or a mixture of these. The tail is set high and is carried low when the dog is resting, but is raised when the dog is excited or alert.

Eye Colors

Blue, Brown, Amber

Nose Colors


Coat Colors

Brown, Red, Brindle, Blue, Black

Height Range

Male Height Range: 20 – 25 inches

Female Height Range: 20 – 25 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 45 – 80 lbs

Female Weight Range: 45 – 80 lbs

Cattle Shepherd Health

Description of breed health.


13-15 yrs

Cattle Shepherd Health Concerns

Hip Dysplasia, Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), Deafness, Flea Allergy

Cattle Shepherd Temperament and Behaviour

The Cattle Shepherd is a well-balanced, active and agile working dog. They are very intelligent and easy to train, but can be stubborn at times. They are friendly and protective of their family and territory.

Cattle Shepherd Activity Requirements

If you are looking for a dog that will watch over and protect your property, the Cattle Shepherd could be the right choice for you. These intelligent, hardworking dogs are similar in appearance to German Shepherds. Although they are primarily used as watchdogs and livestock guardians, they can also be great companions. Their energy and intelligence make them good candidates for a number of activities such as herding, obedience, and agility. With proper socialization and training, a Cattle Shepherd can make a wonderful addition to any home. It is important to start training early with a puppy or rescue to prevent problems later in life.

Miles Per Day

14 miles

Activity Per Day

120 minutes

Daily Food

3 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Cattle Shepherd is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Cattle Shepherd is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Not Recognized

Cattle Shepherd is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Cattle Shepherd is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.