Caucasian Shepherd

Dog Breed Profile

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Caucasian Shepherd History

The Caucasian Shepherd is a herding dog from the Caucasus Mountains of Russia and Georgia. The Caucasian Shepherd is a working livestock guardian of medium size. It is used for guarding sheep, goats, cows and horses, as well as other animals such as poultry, pigs and cattle. The Caucasus are mountainous, and the climate is harsh. The native stock was small and weak, so the dogs had to be hardier, more agile and taller than in their European counterparts. The Caucasian shepherd is a medium-large sized dog. Its head is clean-cut, with well-defined stop. The skull is broad and flat, and the ears stand erect. The nose is black. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. The eyes are almond-shaped and of medium size. The neck is long, muscular and slightly arched. The chest is deep, wide, and well developed. The ribcage is well-sprung. The forequarters are compactly built. The back is strong and straight, and stifle is well angulated. The hindquarters are strong, with powerful hocks and well-developed muscles. The tail is moderately long, covered with short hair. The coat is dense, short, and smooth. Color is white, black, gray, or a mix of these colors. The coat should be uniform in color and texture all over.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin




Caucasian Shepherd Physical Characteristics

The Caucasian Shepherd is a large, large-sized breed of working dogs that originated in Russia. They are a working breed and are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and strong resistance to stress. They have a thick, double coat of fur that is either white or red and may have gray, brindle, or sable markings. They have a dark muzzle, dark ears, dark eyes, and dark toes. The Caucasian Shepherd has a thick, short neck, deep, broad chest, and muscular legs.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 26 – 29 inches

Female Height Range: 25 – 28 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 110 – 154 lbs

Female Weight Range: 99 – 110 lbs

Caucasian Shepherd Health

Description of breed health.


10-12 yrs

Caucasian Shepherd Health Concerns

Hip Dysplasia, Cataracts

Caucasian Shepherd Temperament and Behaviour

The Caucasian Shepherd is a working and protective breed. They are strong and agile, but also patient and easygoing. They can be quite independent and stubborn at times, which can make training difficult. However, they are generally easy to train with consistent, patient, and loving owners. They are a highly intelligent and alert breed, making them a good guard dog as well. They are loyal to their owners and make great companions.

Caucasian Shepherd Activity Requirements

The Caucasian Shepherd is a large, beautiful breed of livestock guardian dog that has been protecting shepherds and their flocks for centuries. They are strong, protective, and courageous. While the Caucasian Shepherd is a suitable guard dog, they tend to bond closely with their families and are not suitable guard dogs for property. They love to be around people and are happiest when they are included in daily activities. Exercise is an important part of keeping your Caucasian Shepherd happy and healthy. They require about an hour of walking or running a day. This high-energy breed does best with a job, such as herding or guarding, to keep them occupied. If you are looking for a protector of your property and flock, the Caucasian Shepherd is not a good choice. They are a people-loving, gentle-natured, and obedient breed of dog. However, if you are looking for an affectionate, loyal companion, the Caucasian Shepherd might be perfect for you.

Miles Per Day

8 miles

Activity Per Day

60 minutes

Daily Food

4 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Caucasian Shepherd is part of the Foundation Stock Service group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Caucasian Shepherd is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Not Recognized

Caucasian Shepherd is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Caucasian Shepherd is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.