Chow Chow

Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds Non-Sporting Chow Chow

Chow Chow History

The Chow Chow is a Chinese spitz type breed of dog. The literal translation of the word “Chow” is “puffy” or “fluffy”. The distinctive appearance of the chow is a result of selective breeding by ancient Chinese royal courts. The origin of the modern Chow is unknown, but the ancestors of the modern-day Chow were known in ancient China as early as the Han dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD). The first recorded appearance of a chow in the western world was in 1847, when a British military officer, Richard Henry Brunton, brought one back to England and gave it as a gift to Queen Victoria. The popularity of the chow spread rapidly, and it soon became fashionable to own one. By the end of the nineteenth century, the chow had become one of the most popular breeds in the Western world. The present-day breeds of Chow are derived from the “black and tan” variety, which developed during the late Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). This colour was still favoured by the emperors. The “blue and white” and “red and tan” varieties, which were developed later, were favoured by commoners. The seal-pointed variety was originally called “silver-white”.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin



Tibetan Mastiff

Chow Chow Physical Characteristics

The Chow Chow is a medium, large, or giant-size, heavy-boned, short-haired breed with erect triangular ears and a domed skull. They have a thick, double-layered, soft and silky, harsh, coarse, or soft undercoat and a harsh, wiry or curly outer coat. Their coloration is red, cream, blue, black, or silver. The ears are semi-pendulous, the topline is level, and they have a small tail. Their legs are straight and they have dewclaws. The nose is black, and their muzzle is blunt. The teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 17 – 20 inches

Female Height Range: 17 – 20 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 45 – 70 lbs

Female Weight Range: 45 – 70 lbs

Chow Chow Health

Description of breed health.


8-12 yrs

Chow Chow Health Concerns

Entropion, Hip Dysplasia, Stenotic Nares, Patellar Luxation, Distichiasis, Gastric Torsion, Elbow Dysplasia, Cataract, Elongated Palate, Persistent Pupillary Membrane

Chow Chow Temperament and Behaviour

The Chow Chow is a playful, gentle and intelligent breed of dog. They are independent thinkers and can often be stubborn, but are very loyal to their owners. They are playful and energetic, and make great companions for children. They are generally calm, but they can also be lively.

Chow Chow Activity Requirements

The Chow Chow is a large, heavy dog that was bred to be a companion and guardian. They are independent, self-assured, and very intelligent. While they don’t need a lot of intense exercise, they do require daily moderate activity. Because they are so intelligent, most Chow Chows do best with a job. They are often trained as guard dogs and police dogs. They are also frequently used as therapy and assistance dogs. Due to their size and energy level, a backyard is not an ideal environment for most Chow Chows. They do best in a home with a fenced yard or with frequent walks. If you are looking for a loyal companion, an active home, and a big yard, a Chow Chow might be the one for you.

Miles Per Day

8 miles

Activity Per Day

45 minutes

Daily Food

3 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Chow Chow is part of the Non-Sporting group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Chow Chow is part of the Utility group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Chow Chow is part of the Non-Sporting group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Chow Chow is part of the Non-Sporting group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.