Chow Hound

Dog Breed Profile

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Chow Hound History

The Chow Chow is a Chinese spitz type (maskless) dog. The head is square in shape, with a deeply wrinkled forehead. The snout is black, and the eyes, ears, and tail are traditionally black. The coat is short and smooth, and comes in a variety of colors including red, blue, cream, gold, and silver. The Chow Chow is a very old breed of domestic dog, with a history that dates back more than 2,000 years. The origins of the modern Chow are unclear, but the Breed Standard states that it has “traced ancestry to the black and tan, brown, and red coated chows of China”. The various regional varieties of the Chow have been assimilated into the modern Chinese variety. The fur of the Chow was originally used in the manufacture of felt, and in the making of brushes. The breed is also depicted in ancient works of art such as “The Yellow River Picture Scroll” and “The Song Dynasty Silk Manuscript”. The breed may have been introduced to North America by Chinese laborers. In the 1920s, a notable American breeder, Frank Warren, began importing the now-called “American” variety of the Chow from China. Warren’s breeding efforts helped the breed gain recognition in the USA. The AKC recognized the “Pit Bull Type” of the Chow in 1946. In 1979, the AKC officially recognized the “American Kennel Club” (AKC) standard of the Chow. The “American” and “Chinese

Time of Origin


Country of Origin


Chow Hound Physical Characteristics

The Chow Hound is a medium to large sized, low-set, short-legged, long-bodied, double-coated scenthound. The head is moderately elongated, and entirely rounded, with a skull that is slightly longer than its breadth. The nose is broad and round, and is of equal length to the muzzle, which has strong jaws; the lips are close fitting, and hang in folds in front of the large, rather oval nostrils. The neck is moderately arched, and is carried gracefully. The back is short, straight, and firm. The loin is strong, muscular, and slightly arched. The tail is set high, and may be docked, or left natural; it is well covered with hair, and is bent at a slight angle. The paws are large, but round, and bear hard, horny pads. The breed is of moderate weight, with males being heavier than females. An adult Chow has a wedge-shaped head, with a long, narrow muzzle and wrinkled forehead. The face is handsome and noble, with dark eyes and a bold, erect, triangular, pointed, and strongly developed nose. The ears are medium in size, and are set wide apart, hanging close to the cheeks. The ear leather is very thick. The neck is long, and is well-arched. The shoulders are well laid, the elbows close to, and perpendicular to the body. The forelegs are straight, with the upper

Eye Colors

Hazel, Brown

Nose Colors


Coat Colors

Brown, Brindle, Cream, Fawn, Red

Height Range

Male Height Range: 13 – 22 inches

Female Height Range: 13 – 20 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 40 – 70 lbs

Female Weight Range: 40 – 55 lbs

Chow Hound Health

Description of breed health.


13-14 yrs

Chow Hound Health Concerns

Entropion, Seborrhea, Hip Dysplasia, Platelet Dysfunction, Elbow Dysplasia, Cataracts, Glaucoma, Cvi (Wobbler’S Syndrome), Color Dilution Alopecia, Ataxia

Chow Hound Temperament and Behaviour

The Chow Hound is a quick learner and is eager to learn new tricks. They are extremely loyal to their owners and will protect them at all costs. They are independent and like to do things on their own, but they also do well with families. They are wary of strangers, but are usually friendly, gentle, and well-mannered.

Chow Hound Activity Requirements

The Chow Hound, also known as the Chinese Shar-Pei, is a medium-sized, fluffy dog with a distinctive blue-black tongue. Despite their look, they are actually a fairly quiet, calm, and easy-going breed. Chow Hounds are also intelligent and loyal, and they make wonderful companions. While the Chow is a relatively inactive dog, they do enjoy a good walk or hike. They are best suited to a home with a yard where they can run around, play, and burn off energy. A short, brisk daily walk or game of fetch should also be included. While this may seem counterintuitive for a low-energy dog, the Chow’s thick coat requires regular brushing and grooming, which means that they benefit from a more active lifestyle. Daily walks are a good way to keep them healthy and keep their coats from matting.

Miles Per Day

9 miles

Activity Per Day

80 minutes

Daily Food

3 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Chow Hound is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Chow Hound is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Not Recognized

Chow Hound is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Chow Hound is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.