Dog Breed Profile

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Collie History

The Collie is a medium-sized, long-coated herding and guarding working dog that originated in Scotland. The first recorded reference to the name “Collie” is in the 9th century, when it was used to describe several different sheepdogs. Since the 18th century the breed has been closely identified with the Scottish Highlands, where it has long been used as a herder and in cattle drovers.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin

Scotland, England



Collie Physical Characteristics

The Collie is a medium sized breed that typically stands between 21 and 24 inches at the shoulder and weighs between 45 and 70 pounds. They have a slightly elongated neck, deep, broad chests, and short, rough coats. The Collie has erect triangular ears and a tail that curls over the back. The Collie has alert, intelligent eyes and a slightly arched skull. They are natural herders that enjoy herding, but can also be great pets.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 24 – 26 inches

Female Height Range: 22 – 24 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 60 – 75 lbs

Female Weight Range: 50 – 65 lbs

Collie Health

Description of breed health.


14-16 yrs

Collie Health Concerns

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Hip Dysplasia, Collie Eye Anomaly, Allergies, Skin Problems, Dermatomyositis, Nasal Solar Dermatitis

Collie Temperament and Behaviour

The Collie is a highly intelligent, independent, and active dog. They are extremely agile and athletic, and love to play. They are very trainable and excel in many canine sports and activities. The Collie makes a great family pet, as they are loving and devoted to their owners, and are very protective of them. They get along well with other pets, but may be aggressive towards unfamiliar dogs.

Collie Activity Requirements

Collies are a medium size herding dog. They are intelligent and loyal, but also require a great deal of exercise and mental stimulation. Without enough activity and attention, they can become bored and destructive. A Collie should have at least one hour of exercise every day, ideally broken up into several short sessions. They are very active dogs and will appreciate long walks, jogs or runs. They are athletic dogs and will enjoy playing Frisbee or other games. If you are looking for a companion that will provide hours of companionship and entertainment, a Collie may be the perfect dog for you.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

3.2 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Collie is part of the Herding group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Collie is part of the Pastoral group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Collie is part of the Working group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Collie is part of the Herding group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.