Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds Non-Sporting Dalmatian

Dalmatian History

The Dalmatian is a breed of medium to large-sized dog that originated on the Balkan peninsula, in Dalmatia, Croatia, during the Bronze Age. The Dalmatian was bred to be a guard and rescuer and is one of only a few animals besides man to be native to Croatia. The origin of the name “Dalmatian” is disputed, with some believing it is derived from dalmat, meaning “black”, and others believing that it is derived from the word Dalmatinac, or “inhabitant of Dalmatia”. The Dalmatian is most commonly noted for being the mascot of the fire brigade. The unusual black and white coat of the Dalmatian comes from this being a natural protection against heat exhaustion when working in hot environments. The distinctive spotted or piebald pattern of the Dalmatian is due to the spotting gene being dominant. The spots on a Dalmatian can range from tiny to very large, and occur randomly all over the body. The head is distinctively marked, usually with a black mask and eye patches, although other color combinations such as brindle and fawn are also found.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin



Great Dane, Pointer

Dalmatian Physical Characteristics

The Dalmatian is a small, medium-to-large-sized breed of domestic dogs that originate in Croatia. The adult males of the breed stand 23 to 27 inches at the withers and weigh 60 to 70 pounds. The adult females stand 21 to 26 inches at the withers and weigh 50 to 60 pounds. The FCI standard for the breed allows it to be white with black, liver, or piebald patches.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 19 – 23 inches

Female Height Range: 19 – 23 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 55 – 70 lbs

Female Weight Range: 40 – 55 lbs

Dalmatian Health

Description of breed health.


10-14 yrs

Dalmatian Health Concerns

Deafness, Urolithiasis, Demodectic Mange, Cataracts, Laryngeal Paralysis, Dalmatian Bronzing Syndrome, Microphthalmia

Dalmatian Temperament and Behaviour

The Dalmatian is an energetic and fun-loving dog that responds well to positive dog training. They are protective and loyal to their owners, and can be prone to be stubborn. They are known to be very friendly with children and families, and get along well with other dogs. They can sometimes be headstrong and domineering, which can make training a challenge.

Dalmatian Activity Requirements

The Dalmatian is a high-energy, medium-sized dog that is known for its beautiful black-and-tan coat. They were originally bred for herding and racing, a job they still enjoy doing today. Dalmatians need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to avoid becoming bored and destructive. They are best suited to an active home where their energy is put to good use. They will need a daily walk or jog, as well as regular play sessions. If you are looking for a companion for your active lifestyle, a Dalmatian may be the right breed for you. They are a fun-loving, energetic, and loyal companion.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

3 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Dalmatian is part of the Non-Sporting group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Dalmatian is part of the Utility group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Dalmatian is part of the Non-Sporting group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Dalmatian is part of the Non-Sporting group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.