Dogue de Bordeaux

Dog Breed Profile

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Dogue de Bordeaux History

The Dogue de Bordeaux, or French Mastiff, is a dog that was originally developed as a fighting dog. The Dogue de Bordeaux is a relatively large, muscular, and powerful-looking breed of dog. The Dogue de Bordeaux has been called the “king of dogs and the king of all mastiff-type dogs”. The origin of the Dogue de Bordeaux is unclear. It is thought to have originated in France in the 1500s and to have been influenced by the English Mastiff. It is also possible that the Dogue de Bordeaux originally came from Spain. The Kennel Club of England first recognized the Dogue in 1885. The AKC officially recognized the breed in 1993.

Time of Origin

Middle Ages

Country of Origin




Dogue de Bordeaux Physical Characteristics

The Dogue de Bordeaux is a large, medium/large-sized, muscular, massive, and heavily built breed of heavyset dogs that is powerful enough to perform most tasks of a strong guard dog. The breed is descended from the molosser breeds and is characterized by its large head and its deep, powerful jaws. The breed is recognizable by its short, hard-haired, rough-textured, and wrinkled skin. It has a thick neck, wide shoulders, and powerful legs. Its tail is docked, and the tail is carried in a sickle curve. It has a double dewlap. The coat is short, straight, and coarse. The ears are small, pendant, and erect, and the nose is dark. It has a distinct occiput. Its gait is movement that is loose but deliberate. Its temperament is courageous, fearless, obstinate, and intelligent.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 23 – 27 inches

Female Height Range: 23 – 26 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 120 – 145 lbs

Female Weight Range: 99 – 130 lbs

Dogue de Bordeaux Health

Description of breed health.


5-8 yrs

Dogue de Bordeaux Health Concerns

Heart Disease, Cancer, Brachycephalic Syndrome, Hip And Elbow Dysplasia, Bloat, Eye Problems, Ichthyosis

Dogue de Bordeaux Temperament and Behaviour

The Dogue de Bordeaux is independent, dignified, and courageous. They are highly protective of their family and are a fearless watchdog. They are highly intelligent, but are also stubborn and strong willed. They are slow to mature, but are very loyal to their owners.

Dogue de Bordeaux Activity Requirements

Dogue de Bordeaux is a French mastiff, a muscular, large-breed dog originating in France. They are loyal and devoted, and they make excellent guard dogs. While they are large and powerful, they are not generally high-energy. They do require regular exercise, but they don’t need much more than a long, brisk walk. If you are looking for a laid-back, low-energy companion, a Dogue de Bordeaux may not be a good choice. They do require a moderate amount of exercise and they do best with owners who have time to spend with them.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

4 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Dogue de Bordeaux is part of the Working group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Dogue de Bordeaux is part of the Working group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Dogue de Bordeaux is part of the Utility group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Dogue de Bordeaux is part of the Working Dog group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.