Englian Mastiff

Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds United States of America Englian Mastiff

Englian Mastiff History

The English Mastiff, also known as the English Bull Dog, is a breed of very large, ancient and broad mastiff-type working dogs developed in England. The origins of this famous and powerful working and war dog date back to Ancient Rome, where its ancestors were probably used for bear and lion baiting. In the 1700s, the Old English Bulldog was a popular fighting bull terrier, but its popularity waned. In the 1800s, the bulldog was crossed with the bullmastiff and created the modern-day English Mastiff. The register of Kennel Club recognised the breed in 1873, and the first standard was set in 1875. Meaty, strong, large, and strongly built, the English Mastiff is a dog of imposing appearance and formidable stature. The head is massive, square in shape, and of proportionate length and width. It possesses great strength and power, yet is free from coarseness. The muzzle is broad and square, with slight indentations at the sides. The nose is black. The eyes are almond-shaped, dark in color, and set on moderately high. The ears are medium in size and pendant, placed low and close to the head. The coat is of short and dense texture. The preferred colors are brindle, fawn, mahogany, and white.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin

United States Of America

Englian Mastiff Physical Characteristics

The English Mastiff is a very large, heavyset, short-faced breed of dog that is typically between 25 and 28 inches tall at the withers and between 110 and 200 pounds. They have a large head that is broad and flat with a prominent muzzle. They have a thick neck and a heavily muscled, short, but wide back. Their tail is straight and commonly docked. The breed has a coarse, harsh, and wiry outercoat, as well as a dense, double-layered, weather-resistant undercoat.

Eye Colors

Brown, Amber

Nose Colors


Coat Colors

Black, Red, Brown, Gray, Silver

Height Range

Male Height Range: 30 – 37 inches

Female Height Range: 27 – 30 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 160 – 170 lbs

Female Weight Range: 150 – 165 lbs

Englian Mastiff Health

Description of breed health.


8-12 yrs

Englian Mastiff Health Concerns

Hip Dysplasia, Bloat, Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), Entropion, Cherry Eye

Englian Mastiff Temperament and Behaviour

The Englian Mastiff is calm, loving, and protective. They are strong and courageous, but also friendly and good-natured. They are highly intelligent and make great guard dogs and working companions. They are gentle and patient with children and are easy to train.

Englian Mastiff Activity Requirements

English Mastiffs were once used as guard dogs and are still seen as large, intimidating animals. However, they can also make excellent family pets, provided they have the proper training. While they are not the most energetic of breeds, they do require a fair amount of exercise. They will need at least one long walk each day, in addition to some time to play in a secure area. If you are thinking of an English Mastiff, be sure to research their exercise and grooming needs before making a final decision. This large, powerful dog requires an experienced owner who can provide the necessary training and attention.

Miles Per Day

7 miles

Activity Per Day

60 minutes

Daily Food

3 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Englian Mastiff is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Englian Mastiff is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Not Recognized

Englian Mastiff is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Englian Mastiff is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.