English Springer Spaniel

Dog Breed Profile

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English Springer Spaniel History

The Springer Spaniel is a sporting gundog that was originally developed in England. The modern day English Springer Spaniel is a descendant of the larger Spanish Water Dog. The derivation of the name “Springer” is from the term “springing”, which in spaniel terminology means pointing or retrieving. The Springer Spaniel is a medium sized, short-coated, flat eared, square-proportioned, straight-backed, deep-chested, and well-behaved family pet. The head is moderately long, with a moderate stop. The muzzle is strong and straight. The nose is black. The eyes are set wide apart, and are dark and slightly round in appearance. The ears are long and carried erect. The neck is medium in length, and set on fairly high. The back is level, strong, and muscular. The chest is deep and well sprung, with good spring of rib. The tail is set on rather high, and is carried low when the dog is at rest. The shoulders are long and sloping. The forelegs are straight, with well-developed bone and substance. The pastern is firm and well let down. The feet are small, round, and compact. The hindquarters are strong and muscular. The thighs are well developed. The stifle is well bent, and the hocks are well-bent, with hard, upright pasterns. The tail is thick at the base, tapering to a point, and is carried over the back in sickle

Time of Origin


Country of Origin




English Springer Spaniel Physical Characteristics

The English Springer Spaniel is a small, medium-size breed of gundog that originated in England. They are a medium to large-sized breed that is typically between 20 and 25 inches in height and 40 to 55 lbs. in weight. They have a moderate length, thick, silky, wavy, weather resistant, double layered, long, and flat or slightly rounded off, water repellent, and water resistant coat. They are characterized by a black nose, small pendant shaped ears, and a scissor bite. Their head is broad, rectangular, and has a high and domed forehead. They also have a medium muzzle, which is moderately wide, and dark eyes. Their tail is docked, and their ears can also be cropped.

Eye Colors

Hazel, Brown, Amber

Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 19 – 21 inches

Female Height Range: 18 – 21 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 45 – 50 lbs

Female Weight Range: 35 – 40 lbs

English Springer Spaniel Health

Description of breed health.


10-14 yrs

English Springer Spaniel Health Concerns

Entropion, Ectropion, Retinal Dysplasia, Seborrhea, Phosphofructokinase Deficiency, Hip Dysplasia, Cataracts, Diabetes, Corneal Opacities, Skin Fold Dermatitis, Patent Ductus Arteriosus

English Springer Spaniel Temperament and Behaviour

The English Springer Spaniel is a cheerful, playful and happy dog. They are highly adaptable to new situations and get along well with children, other dogs and cats. They are gentle, friendly and patient, but they can be timid or shy with new people.

English Springer Spaniel Activity Requirements

English Springer Spaniels are small, athletic, and energetic. They were originally bred as bird hunters, but today they are best known as a companion dog. While a backyard is a nice place for your dog to play, they should not be kept in a kennel or in the backyard. They are friendly, sociable, and active. They need interaction with their owner and with other dogs. If you are looking for a jogging partner, an English Springer Spaniel may not be the best choice. However, they enjoy going for walks. They also provide companionship and love to play games.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

2.8 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

English Springer Spaniel is part of the Sporting group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

English Springer Spaniel is part of the Gundog group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

English Springer Spaniel is part of the Gundog group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

English Springer Spaniel is part of the Sporting group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.