French Spaniel

Dog Breed Profile

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French Spaniel History

The French Spaniel is a medium-sized sporting gundog of French origin. It has a long history as a shooting and tracking dog, and is one of the oldest spaniel breeds. The ancestors of the French Spaniel were marsh-working dogs, and they probably descended from the Celtic water-dog. The name “French” was added to distinguish them from “British” spaniels and “Spanish” pointers.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin



German Spaniel

French Spaniel Physical Characteristics

The French Spaniel is a small, short-haired breed of hunting dog that is typically 10 to 15 inches tall at the withers and weighs between 15 and 22 pounds. They have a thick, compact body and their head is wide with rounded eyes. Their tail is docked and their ears are cropped. Their coats are red, orange, or tricolor. Their nose is usually dark in color and they have a straight or slightly curved tail. They are affectionate, friendly, and sensitive.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors

Pied, White, Brown

Height Range

Male Height Range: 22 – 24 inches

Female Height Range: 21 – 23 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 45 – 60 lbs

Female Weight Range: 45 – 60 lbs

French Spaniel Health

Description of breed health.


10-12 yrs

French Spaniel Health Concerns

Usually A Very Healthy Breed, Hip Dysplasia, Eye Problems

French Spaniel Temperament and Behaviour

The French Spaniel is a playful and sociable dog that enjoys being around people. They are very intelligent, but can be hard to train. They are typically active and like to be outdoors, but they can also do well in an apartment. French Spaniels can be shy around strangers and will need early socialization.

French Spaniel Activity Requirements

French Spaniels are small, compact, and athletic. They are intelligent, playful, and good-natured, and they generally get along well with children and other pets. As small, sporting dogs, French Spaniels do require regular exercise. They should be taken on a daily, brisk walk to keep them healthy, happy, and well-behaved. As long as they get their exercise, they can live in just about any environment. If you are looking for a friendly, outgoing dog who will enjoy going on walks, the French Spaniel may be the right fit. Keep in mind, however, that the French spaniel does need exercise and social interaction.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

2.8 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

French Spaniel is part of the Foundation Stock Service group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Not Recognized

French Spaniel is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Not Recognized

French Spaniel is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

French Spaniel is part of the Sporting group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.