German Shorthaired Pointer

Dog Breed Profile

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German Shorthaired Pointer History

The German Shorthaired Pointer (GSP) is a breed of mid-sized gundog developed in Germany. It is a versatile gundog that excels at both pointing and retrieving, although it is also capable of tracking, watchdogging, and agility. Traditionally, the GSP was bred to be working dogs, and it remains a working type, with typical exercise requirements being 3–4 miles per day. The GSP is a scent hounds.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin




German Shorthaired Pointer Physical Characteristics

The German Shorthaired Pointer is a medium-sized, athletic breed of dog. Females are 17 to 20 inches at the withers and males are 22 to 24 inches at the withers. Their weight is on average 45 to 60 lbs. They have a medium length, thick, silky, waterproof white or liver colored coats with solid or ticked markings on the ears, legs, tail tip, and face. Their heads are strong and of a normal size. Their necks are short, muscular, and slightly arched. The shoulders and upper arms are quite long. Their chests should be deep and their backs should be straight. Their hind quarters should be well muscled. Their forequarters must be firm and sinewy. They have a level topline, tight rear angulation, and well-developed thighs with moderately bent stifles. Their legs are feathered and boned, with hard, well-padded feet. Their tail is plumed and tipped with black and is carried low and with a slight upward curve. The correct weight for this breed is 45 to 60 lbs.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 23 – 25 inches

Female Height Range: 21 – 23 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 55 – 70 lbs

Female Weight Range: 45 – 60 lbs

German Shorthaired Pointer Health

Description of breed health.


12-15 yrs

German Shorthaired Pointer Health Concerns

Hip Dysplasia, Entropion, Cherry Eye, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Cataracts, Hemivertebrae, Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis, Von Willebrand’s Disease, Acral Mutation Syndrome, Lupoid Dermatitis

German Shorthaired Pointer Temperament and Behaviour

The German shorthaired pointer is an energetic and devoted companion. They are highly trainable, and are quick to learn new tricks and commands. They are a hunting breed that enjoys the outdoors, and needs plenty of exercise in order to remain happy and healthy. They are independent and protective of their family, but are also friendly and sociable.

German Shorthaired Pointer Activity Requirements

German Shorthair Pointers have a high-energy, athletic temperament. They are alert, intelligent, and eager to explore their surroundings. They enjoy running, jumping, and playing games. German Shorthair Pointers have a high energy level and will need at least an hour or more of vigorous, physical play each day. They will benefit from several short walks or trips to the dog park during the day. A German Shorthaired Pointer does best in a home with a fenced yard where they can run off some of their energy. Keep in mind that they do require a lot of exercise and should be walked or exercised several times per day.

Miles Per Day

14 miles

Activity Per Day

90 minutes

Daily Food

2.8 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

German Shorthaired Pointer is part of the Sporting group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

German Shorthaired Pointer is part of the Gundog group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

German Shorthaired Pointer is part of the Gundog group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

German Shorthaired Pointer is part of the Sporting group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.