Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds Working Dog Greenland

Greenland History

The Greenland Dog is a very large and ancient Arctic sledding and hunting dog. The Greenland Dog is also known as the Inuit Sled Dog, the Eqiqaq, and the Sermiq. The Greenland Dogs are found in small numbers in Canada, but the majority of this rare breed lives in the tundra of Nunavut, Canada. The winter of 2010-2011 has been exceptionally harsh in the Canadian Arctic and the majority of the dogs are suffering from starvation and dehydration.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin



Spitz, Wolf

Greenland Physical Characteristics

The Greenland is a white, large, medium-sized, short-haired, hypoallergenic breed of domestic rabbit. The breed originated in the Canadian province, Nova Scotia. The namesake of the breed is the Island of Greenland, a colony which became part of Canada in 1933.

Eye Colors

Blue, Hazel, Brown, Amber

Nose Colors

Black, Brown, Isabella

Coat Colors

Brown, Red, White, Gray, Black

Height Range

Male Height Range: 23 – 27 inches

Female Height Range: 20 – 24 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 65 – 72 lbs

Female Weight Range: 65 – 72 lbs

Greenland Health

Description of breed health.


10-15 yrs

Greenland Health Concerns

Usually A Very Healthy Breed, Lens Luxation, Hip And Elbow Dysplasia, Eye Conditions

Greenland Temperament and Behaviour

The Greenland dog is a quick-witted, highly intelligent, and independent breed of Arctic sled dog. They are extremely agile and athletic, and require regular exercise and mental stimulation. They are friendly and loyal to their owners, but can be aggressive with other dogs. They are playful and fun-loving, but are also headstrong and stubborn.

Greenland Activity Requirements

The Greenland Dog is a spitz-type dog that originated on the Arctic island of Greenland. They are a medium-sized, athletic dog that is very well-suited to cold weather. Greenland Dogs love the outdoors and will need plenty of exercise and playtime. They are very active dogs and will enjoy playing in the snow or going for a jog. A fenced yard or a daily walk is also great for your Greenland Dog. If you are looking for a high-energy, outdoor companion, a Greenland Dog may be right for you. They require regular exercise and attention and can be good with children and other pets.

Miles Per Day

20 miles

Activity Per Day

120 minutes

Daily Food

4 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Greenland is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Greenland is part of the Working group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Not Recognized

Greenland is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Greenland is part of the Working Dog group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.