Dog Breed Profile

Hokkaido History

The Hokkaido is a breed of dog from Japan. It is believed to be one of the oldest breeds of indigenous Japanese hunting dogs.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin




Hokkaido Physical Characteristics

The Hokkaido is a very small, short-legged breed of spitz dog that typically stands between 9 and 13 inches tall at the shoulders and weighs between 8 and 18 pounds. They have a compact, muscular body with a short, thick, wavy or curly, white or cream colored coat. The eyes of the Hokkaido are dark in color and they have beards, eyebrows, and whiskers. The ears are V-shaped and set high on the head. The tail is curled and carried low. They are alert and devoted to their families.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors

Gray, Black, White, Brindle, Red

Height Range

Male Height Range: 19 – 20 inches

Female Height Range: 18 – 19 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 44 – 66 lbs

Female Weight Range: 44 – 66 lbs

Hokkaido Health

Description of breed health.


11-13 yrs

Hokkaido Health Concerns

Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA), Elbow Dysplasia, Hip Dysplasia, Cryptorchidism

Hokkaido Temperament and Behaviour

The Hokkaido is an active and agile dog that is very trainable. They are loyal to their owner and will follow commands. They are relatively calm, but can become excited and vocal when they play. They do well living with other cats or dogs and are playful around children.

Hokkaido Activity Requirements

Hokkaidos are small, white Japanese hunting dogs. They were originally developed to hunt on small game and birds, but today they are primarily kept as pets. While they can be suited to a wide variety of lifestyles, they are generally best suited to homes with yards. While less active than some other breeds, Hokkaidos do need regular exercise. A daily walk or jog will keep your Hokkaido happy and healthy. If you do not have the space for a large, fenced-in yard, you may want to consider another breed of dog. While they are adaptable, a yard is a necessity for a Hokkaido.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food


Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Hokkaido is part of the Foundation Stock Service group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Hokkaido is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Not Recognized

Hokkaido is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Hokkaido is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.