Japanese Chin

Dog Breed Profile

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Japanese Chin History

The Japanese Chin is a toy breed of dog that originated in China and was introduced to Japan in 1876. The dogs are named after their Japanese name, chin, which means “short nose”. The ancestors of the modern Japanese Chin were found living in the Buddhist temples and monasteries of Eastern Asia. It is believed that the ancestors of the Japanese Chin were crossed with the Pekingese from China to produce the early type of the breed. The popular “look” of the Japanese Chin was exported from Japan to Europe, and the dogs began to become fashionable in European and North American society. A prominent American breeder named Lillian Russell collected 500 examples of the rare dogs.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin



Pug, Pekingese

Japanese Chin Physical Characteristics

The Japanese Chin is a miniature- or toy-sized breed that typically stands between 8 and 11 inches at the shoulder and weighs between 6 and 8.5 pounds. They have a small, round head with a flat skull and tiny muzzle. Their ears are triangular in shape and stand erect on the top of their head. They have short, straight, silky hair that is white or cream. They have large, bright amber eyes and a long tail that is carried upright. The fur on their face forms distinctive wrinkles.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 8 – 11 inches

Female Height Range: 8 – 11 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 4 – 7 lbs

Female Weight Range: 4 – 7 lbs

Japanese Chin Health

Description of breed health.


12-14 yrs

Japanese Chin Health Concerns

Usually A Very Healthy Breed, Patellar Luxation, Cataracts, Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease, Heart Murmur

Japanese Chin Temperament and Behaviour

The Japanese Chin is a small and compact breed that is highly adaptable to any living environment. They are lively and playful, but are also laid-back and mellow. They are adaptable, accepting of new people and situations, and donâ€TMt get easily stressed. They are highly intelligent, but can be a bit stubborn at times. They are generally healthy, but can have respiratory problems.

Japanese Chin Activity Requirements

The Japanese Chin is a beautiful, elegant breed of dog. Their long, silky coat comes in a wide variety of colors and markings. While they are perfectly happy lounging around the house, they do require daily walks in order to stay healthy. A well-behaved Japanese Chin can get by with just a half hour of walking per day. However, they may still become bored and restless. For a happy, healthy, and well-balanced dog, they will usually benefit from at least one hour of walking. While they don’t need constant stimulation, they do have a somewhat high prey drive. They should always be supervised when outside. If you are considering a Japanese Chin, be sure to understand their exercise and grooming needs. This is not a high-energy, high-maintenance breed. As long as they get their daily walks, they should be fine.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

1 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Japanese Chin is part of the Toy group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Japanese Chin is part of the Toy group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Japanese Chin is part of the Toy group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Japanese Chin is part of the Toy group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.