Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds Utility Kangal

Kangal History

The Kangal is a Turkish breed of shepherd and guard dog that was originally used as a livestock guardian. The Kangal is muscular with a large head, a short muzzle, and a heavy jaw. The medium-sized ears of the Kangal are usually cropped, and the tail is always docked. The Kangal has a dense double coat that is either fawn or cream in color. The thick coat of the Kangal is typically short, and the fur of the neck and chest is longer and thicker.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin




Kangal Physical Characteristics

The Kangal is a large, athletic, strong working breed that historically was used as a guard and herding dog in Turkey and Greece. The dogs are regarded by the Turks as sacred animals, and were given as gifts to Turkish royalty. The dogs have a stocky build, short legs, and a thick, flat head with a pointed muzzle. They have a strong jaw and well-developed teeth. Their large, round eyes are typically dark brown, and they have long, thick, feathering ears. The Kangals usually have a speckled or brindle fur pattern. The Kangals are independent, stubborn, and alert.

Eye Colors

Brown, Amber

Nose Colors


Coat Colors

Gray, Fawn, Sable

Height Range

Male Height Range: 30 – 34 inches

Female Height Range: 28 – 30 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 110 – 150 lbs

Female Weight Range: 90 – 120 lbs

Kangal Health

Description of breed health.


12-15 yrs

Kangal Health Concerns

Usually A Very Healthy Breed, Entropion, Hip Dysplasia

Kangal Temperament and Behaviour

The Kangal is a large, powerful, and agile, yet gentle and mild-mannered breed of livestock guardian dog. They are independent thinkers and are known to be very protective of their family and property. The Kangal makes a great watch dog and is known to have a very keen sense of hearing and smell, which make them great at detecting intruders.

Kangal Activity Requirements

Kangals, also known a Karabash, were an ancient Turkish herding dog. While they are rarely seen in the United States, they are gaining popularity as companion animals. While they are not as high energy as other breeds, Kangals do require regular exercise. They can easily get enough exercise in a short, brisk walk or a vigorous game in the yard. If you are looking for a high-energy dog, a Kangal probably isn’t the right choice for you. While they enjoy some running and playing, they are usually content to relax with their family.

Miles Per Day

10 miles

Activity Per Day

45 minutes

Daily Food

4 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Kangal is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Kangal is part of the Pastoral group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Kangal is part of the Utility group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Kangal is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.