Miniature Schnauzer

Dog Breed Profile

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Miniature Schnauzer History

The Miniature Schnauzer, also known as the “Percheron”, is a breed of small guard, utility, and herding dogs. The Miniature Schnauzer’s name is French for “little beard”, alluding to its characteristic facial hair. It is commonly nicknamed “Schnouzer”. Both names are common nicknames for any of the various wire-haired terriers. The Miniature Schnauzer is descended from the Standard Schnauzer, which was developed in the 1800s in the Thuringian town of Kleinschnauberg, Germany, by crossing the Wirehaired pointing Griffon and the Wölflinn Black and Tan Terrier. The Mini Schnauzer was finally recognized by the AKC in 1991 after much controversy. The AKC did not approve American lines, only imports. The AKC did recognize two types of coats, the “short” and “long” coat. The “long” coat, which is the more traditional and preferred, is actually the Old English Sheepdog coat, which reaches over the eyes, on the beard, and over the back. This “long” coat was borrowed from the Old English Sheepdog and is affectionately called “the lion cut”.The “short”, or “rough” coat, although less desirable, is commonly known as the “shaved”, or “poodle”, and is a newer style. The “short” coat was adapted from the poodle and

Time of Origin


Country of Origin


Miniature Schnauzer Physical Characteristics

The Miniature Schnauzer is a miniature version of the standard Schnauzer. They are medium sized dogs that stand between 15 and 17 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh between 12 and 20 pounds. They have a thick, wiry, close-lying coat of silver, blue-gray, or black. They have a pointed, wedge shaped head that is dark in color and a black nose. Their ears are usually cropped, although uncropped varieties exist. They have strong bones and a muscular, well-proportioned body. They are brave, alert, and fearless.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 12 – 14 inches

Female Height Range: 11 – 14 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 14 – 16 lbs

Female Weight Range: 13 – 15 lbs

Miniature Schnauzer Health

Description of breed health.


12-14 yrs

Miniature Schnauzer Health Concerns

Pulmonic Stenosis, Portosystemic Shunt, Pancreatitis, Sick Sinus Syndrome, Bladder Stones, Cushing’s Disease, Schnauzer Comedo Syndrome

Miniature Schnauzer Temperament and Behaviour

The Miniature Schnuazer is a very intelligent and active dog that makes an excellent house pet. They are protective of their families and can be wary of strangers, but are very loyal to their owners. They are playful and fun-loving, but also calm and relax when it is time to chill out.

Miniature Schnauzer Activity Requirements

Miniature Schnauzers are a high-energy and intelligent breed of dog. They are alert, spirited, and curious, which can make for a lively household. Miniature Schnauzers can be very active, and they need plenty of exercise and playtime. They are happy following you around or playing in the yard. A game of fetch or ball toss will be a fun activity for both of you. A daily walk or a few games of fetch or tug-of-war will keep your Mini Schnauzer fit and healthy. They are a high-energy and playful breed that needs lots of attention. If you are considering a Mini Schnauzer, be sure you have time in your schedule for an active companion. They require attention and affection as well as physical exertion in order to be happy.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

1 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Miniature Schnauzer is part of the Terrier group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Miniature Schnauzer is part of the Utility group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Miniature Schnauzer is part of the Utility group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Miniature Schnauzer is part of the Terrier group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.