American Leopard Hound

Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds Foundation Stock Service American Leopard Hound

American Leopard Hound History

The American Leopard Hound is a breed of very large hound, developed in the nineteenth century to hunt leopards in the African savanna. The origin of the name “Leopard Hound” is not clear. One theory holds that “leopard” was originally a slang term for a spotted or speckled animal, in which case the name “American Leopard Hound” would refer to a hound that hunts any spotted or speckled animal and thus might naturally be expected to find leopards. Another explanation is that, when the breed was first introduced to the United States, the original imports came from Europe, and the term “Leopard Dog” was in use there to refer to a type of native Hungarian sighthound. The AKC recognizes three different coat patterns for the American Leopard Hound: solid black, solid liver, and brindle. The brindle pattern is the only officially recognized color. The coat is dense and coarse and stands off the body in long, bristly cords that run from the head all the way to the tail. The ears are set low on the head, and the tail is carried low.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin



Spanish Hound

American Leopard Hound Physical Characteristics

The American Leopard Hound is a medium-sized, athletic hound that typically stands between 21 and 24 inches tall at the shoulder and weighs between 50 and 70 pounds. They have a strong, muscular, elongated body and a medium-length, thick, rough coated that is either red or black. They have a pointed muzzle, wide, flat skull, and prick ears. Their eyes are dark brown and they have a long tail that is carried low. They are intelligent, energetic, and brave dogs and are very cat-like in appearance.

Eye Colors

Blue, Brown, Amber

Nose Colors

Black, Brown

Coat Colors

Black, Red, Blue, Brindle, Gray

Height Range

Male Height Range: 22 – 27 inches

Female Height Range: 21 – 25 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 45 – 75 lbs

Female Weight Range: 35 – 65 lbs

American Leopard Hound Health

Description of breed health.


12-15 yrs

American Leopard Hound Health Concerns

Usually A Very Healthy Breed, Deafness

American Leopard Hound Temperament and Behaviour

The Leopard Hound is a medium to large sized dog with a short, sleek coat. They are athletic and agile, with a strong, muscular build. They are known for their hunting abilities, and have a keen sense of smell. They are intelligent and independent, and can be stubborn at times. They are loyal and protective of their family, and are good with children.

American Leopard Hound Activity Requirements

The American Leopard Hound is a medium-size hunting dog that was bred to be intelligent, energetic, and fearless. They are ready and eager to take on any task. While they are not as high-energy as other sporting breeds, they do require regular exercise. A daily walk or jog is a great way to keep your dog healthy and happy. American Leopard Hounds were bred to be hunters. They are natural born trackers and fierce protectors. This makes them excellent guard dogs and good companions for an active person. If you are considering an American Leopard Hound, be sure you are prepared for the strong-willed personality of this breed. While they are loyal, devoted, and intelligent, they are not as easygoing as some other breeds.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

3 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

American Leopard Hound is part of the Foundation Stock Service group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Not Recognized

American Leopard Hound is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Not Recognized

American Leopard Hound is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Not Recognized

American Leopard Hound is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.