Australian Kelpie

Dog Breed Profile

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Australian Kelpie History

The Australian Kelpie is an Australian herding and livestock guard dog. The kelpie is the working variety of the Australian Cattle Dog, which originated from the now-extinct Dingo. The origin of the name “Kelpie” is unknown, but it possibly originates from the Aboriginal word “kaluki”. The word “dingo” itself is thought to be derived from an Aboriginal language. The history of the Kelpie is closely linked with that of the Australian cattle industry. The kelpie was one of three breeds that were brought to Australia by European settlers during the 19th century for the purpose of driving cattle. The other two were the Australian Shepherd and the Blue Heeler.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin



Collie, Dingo

Australian Kelpie Physical Characteristics

The Australian Kelpie is a small, medium-sized, and high-energy working breed that typically stands between 15 and 17.5 inches tall at the shoulder and weighs between 25 and 45 pounds. They have a compact, athletic, and muscular body with a thick, coarse double-coat that is white, red, or a black-and-tan combination. They have a curved, short muzzle and a square-shaped head. Their ears are large and wide with floppy tips and they have drop, triangular shaped, dark-brown eyes. Their tail is typically docked and they have a scissor bite. They are intelligent, energetic, and courageous dogs.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors

Black, Brown

Coat Colors

Black, Brown, Blue, Fawn

Height Range

Male Height Range: 18 – 20 inches

Female Height Range: 17 – 19 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 31 – 46 lbs

Female Weight Range: 31 – 46 lbs

Australian Kelpie Health

Description of breed health.


12-15 yrs

Australian Kelpie Health Concerns

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA), Cerebellar Abiotrophy (Ataxia)

Australian Kelpie Temperament and Behaviour

The typical Australian Kelpie is an intelligent, active, and determined dog that loves to work. They are quick learners and eager to please, making them excellent candidates for obedience and agility training. They are also known for their strong herding instinct and will often try to herd other animals, including children and smaller pets. Australian Kelpies are loyal and affectionate with their family, but can be reserved with strangers. They need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy.

Australian Kelpie Activity Requirements

Australian Kelpies are a working dog that was developed in Australia. They are strong, intelligent, and athletic, and they make excellent farm dogs and companions. While Kelpies are not high-energy dogs, they do require regular, vigorous exercise. Ideally, a kelpie would be taken on a daily, brisk, long walk. They will also need plenty of time outside in a large, fenced-in area where they can run. If you’re looking for a herding dog, an Australian Kelpie may be the right fit. They are extremely intelligent and can learn new tasks easily. As long as they get plenty of physical exercise, a Kelpie will thrive in an active home.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

2.8 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Australian Kelpie is part of the Foundation Stock Service group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Australian Kelpie is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Australian Kelpie is part of the Working group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Australian Kelpie is part of the Herding group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.