Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds Herding Beauceron

Beauceron History

The Beauceron is a noble French herding and guarding dog. The Beauceron is a medium-sized, solidly built, agile and intelligent working dog. The Beauceron is an agile, energetic, and independent worker. The Beauceron-Français, or “French Herding Dog” originated in the Franche-Comté region of eastern France in the mid-16th century. The Franche-Comté region, which lies between the Jura mountains and the Swiss border, was known for its cattle and sheep. The Franche-Comté has been inhabited for at least 10,000 years, and both farmers and livestock herders in the area needed a dog to herd and guard their animals.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin




Beauceron Physical Characteristics

The Beauceron is a medium-size breed of herding dog that is typically 24-26 inches at the withers, and 70-90 lbs. The breed is sturdy, muscular, and athletic, with an eagerness to work. The head is well proportioned and has a deep muzzle, strong jaws, prominent eyes, and a black nose. The neck is arched and of moderate length, and the back is level. The tail is straight or curved, and may be docked. The legs are usually dark in color, and the feet are round and compact. The ears are triangular, erect, and of medium size, and are carried close to the head. The double coat of this breed is rough to the touch, and is steel blue-gray. The undercoat is thick and insulating, while the top coat is longer, stiffer, and coarser, and is shorter on the ears and the top of the skull. The hair on the back of the hind legs replaces the undercoat, and the hair on the loins is heavier and thicker. The preferred height at the shoulders is 24-26″, and the weight should be between 70-90 lbs for males, and 60-70 lbs for females.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 25 – 27 inches

Female Height Range: 24 – 26 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 65 – 85 lbs

Female Weight Range: 65 – 85 lbs

Beauceron Health

Description of breed health.


10-12 yrs

Beauceron Health Concerns

Usually A Very Healthy Breed, Gastric Torsion, Allergies, Hip Dysplasia

Beauceron Temperament and Behaviour

The Beauceron is an agile, strong and brave dog that is excellent with small children. They are a high-energy breed and require plenty of exercise. They are dominant, so early socialization is recommended.

Beauceron Activity Requirements

Descended from the hounds of France, the Beauceron is a large, imposing dog with a gentle demeanor. This working breed is loyal, intelligent, and brave. While they are not as high-energy as other breeds, the Beauceron still needs regular, vigorous exercise. They are happiest in a home with a fenced yard or rural property where they can run. If you are looking for a giant, beautiful, but mellow companion, the Beauceron may be the right fit. They are good with children and other animals, but they can be protective and territorial around strangers.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

2.5 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Beauceron is part of the Herding group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Beauceron is part of the Pastoral group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Beauceron is part of the Working group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Beauceron is part of the Herding group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.