Dog Breed Profile

Cotonese History

The Coton de Tulear, or Cotonese, is a hypoallergenic toy spaniel originating in the Comoros Islands. The coton is also referred to as the “Coconut Dog”, and was given its name because it is often found as a pet in the port city of Tulear in Madagascar. The coton is the national breed of Madagascar. The coton was originally developed from the offspring of a Maltese bitch and a Havanese male. The coton is a sturdy, lively, playful, and affectionate little dog with a wrinkly, water-resistant coat. The origin of the name “Cotton” is disputed. One theory suggests that the name derives from the fact that cotton is abundant in the Comoran islands, and that a dog of this species was washed and combed of its hair in the canals of Manafiafy.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin

United States Of America

Cotonese Physical Characteristics

The Coton de Tulear is a small, long-haired breed of dog that is typically 6 to 9 inches in height and between 10 and 16 pounds in weight. They have a large, round head, short muzzle, and wide, rounded ears. Their nose is dark in color and they have dark eyes. Their body is long and lean and they have a straight tail that curls over the back. The Coton de Tulear has a thick, silky, white coat that comes in fawn, apricot, and brindle colors and their eyes are dark and almond shaped. They are a gentle and friendly breed that are loving toward people and children.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors

Cream, White

Height Range

Male Height Range: 8 – 12 inches

Female Height Range: 8 – 12 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 6 – 15 lbs

Female Weight Range: 6 – 15 lbs

Cotonese Health

Description of breed health.


12-15 yrs

Cotonese Health Concerns

Patent Ductus Arteriosus, Hydrocephalus, Cerebellar Abiotrophy, Portosystemic Shunt, Shaker Dog Syndrome, Cryptorchidism

Cotonese Temperament and Behaviour

The Cotons are happy, sociable, and easygoing. They are gentle and loving, but can sometimes be stubborn. They are intelligent and like to learn new things, but they are also independent and protective. They are smart and well-behaved, but sometimes need reminders to stay on track.

Cotonese Activity Requirements

The Cotonese is a high-energy, intelligent breed of dog. They are small, but sturdy, and were originally bred to be farm dogs. They are brave, loyal, and alert, making them excellent guard dogs and watchdogs. While Cotons do not need intense, time-consuming exercise routines, they do require regular, moderate exercise. They are eager to please and love to be stimulated. A daily walk or a nice play session in the yard will keep your Coton healthy and happy. They are also comfortable living in an apartment, provided they have regular exercise and social interaction.

Miles Per Day

7 miles

Activity Per Day

60 minutes

Daily Food

3 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Cotonese is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Cotonese is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Not Recognized

Cotonese is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Cotonese is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.