Dogue Brasileiro

Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds Brazil Dogue Brasileiro

Dogue Brasileiro History

The Dogue Brasileiro, or Brazilian Mastiff, is an ancient breed of giant working mastiff that was developed by the Brazilian state of São Paulo. The Dogue Brasileiro is a massive South American working mastiff, similar to a Portuguese Podengo, that was originally bred for cattle herding. The first record of the Dogue Brasileiro dates back to the 18th century, and it is believed that the breed originated either in Africa or South America. It is suspected that the Portuguese brought the Dogue to Brazil, where the large, powerful dogs were used extensively in cattle ranching. The Dogue Brasileiro became very popular in Brazil, where dogs are called “Cavalo” (meaning “cut”), and today the breed is the national dog of Brazil. The Dogue is extremely popular in Argentina, where it has been called the “Argentine Mastiff” or “Cattle-Dog”. Modern day Dogues are descended from a long line of working dogs, and despite their large size they are extremely gentle and good-natured.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin



Bull Terrier, Boxer

Dogue Brasileiro Physical Characteristics

The Dogue Brasileiro is a medium to large sized breed of molossoid breed that originated in Southern Brazil. It was originally called the Mastiff of South Brazil. The Dogue is bred for appearance, temperament, and function. The desired appearance of the dog is calm, fearless, self-assured, and alert. Temperament of the Dogues should be steady, stable, confident, and confident in unfamiliar situations. The breeding of the Dogues is focused more on type and substance than size. The function of the Dogues is as a guard and companion.

Eye Colors


Nose Colors


Coat Colors

Black, Brindle, Brown, White, Red

Height Range

Male Height Range: 21 – 24 inches

Female Height Range: 20 – 23 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 64 – 95 lbs

Female Weight Range: 51 – 86 lbs

Dogue Brasileiro Health

Description of breed health.


10-14 yrs

Dogue Brasileiro Health Concerns

Cardiomyopathy, Bloat, Mitral Valve Disease, Degenerative Myelopathy, Lethal Acrodermatitis, Subaortic Stenosis, Elbow Dysplasia, Cataracts, Brachycephalic Syndrome, Corneal Dystrophy

Dogue Brasileiro Temperament and Behaviour

The Brazilian Mastiff is a large and powerful working breed of dog. They are described as having a calm, patient, and courageous disposition. They are extremely loyal to their owners and form a strong bond with them. They are often wary of strangers and have a strong protective instinct. Due to their large size, this breed needs an owner who is experienced with large dogs and their needs.

Dogue Brasileiro Activity Requirements

The Dogue Brasileiro is commonly known as the Brazilian Mastiff. They were originally bred in South America to guard and fight. They are a strong, muscular breed of dog that can grow up to 90 pounds. They are known to be loyal and protective. While they are not a high-energy animal, they do require a great deal of exercise and mental stimulation. They need at least two hours of vigorous activity every day. This can include running, playing, and long walks. If you are looking for a large, powerful pet, a Dogue Brasileiro may be perfect for you. However, you must be willing and able to provide the dog with the exercise and attention it needs.

Miles Per Day

8 miles

Activity Per Day

60 minutes

Daily Food

3 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Dogue Brasileiro is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Dogue Brasileiro is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Not Recognized

Dogue Brasileiro is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Not Recognized

Dogue Brasileiro is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.