American Bulldog

Dog Breed Profile

Home Dog Breeds Foundation Stock Service American Bulldog

American Bulldog History

The American Bulldog is a muscular, medium-sized, short-coated, square-headed, and athletic-looking breed of domestic bulldog. The ancestors of the American Bulldog were most likely the Bull and Terrier types that were imported into America during the 16th and 17th centuries. The overwhelming temperament, courage, strength, and fighting abilities of these English Bulldogs made them very popular among the lower classes, and contributed to their eventual development into the modern American Bulldog. During the mid-to-late 1800’s, many breeders began crossing these early Bulldogs with other dogs to develop a wider variety of traits. By 1860, the “new” American Bulldog was recognizable, if not yet standardized. The American Kennel Club officially recognized the American Bully in 1886, and in 1936 they placed it in their “Non-Sporting Group”. The AKC officially reclassified the “bully” to “American Boxer” in 1946. By 1977, the “boxer” was back in its spot within the “non-sporting group”, and in 1988 the “Boxer” name was dropped altogether. In 1991, the “American Bully” was officially recognized as its own registered breed.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin

United States Of America

American Bulldog Physical Characteristics

The American Bulldog is a medium to large size breed of massive build, that was originally bred for bull baiting and to overpower other dogs. They stand between 25 and 28 inches high at the shoulders, and weigh between 75 and 130 pounds. Their head is broad, rounded, and muscular. They have a thick, short, glossy coat, that can be any color. They do have folds of skin that hang down from their jowls. Their tail is set high and is typically thick, flat, and curved. The American Bulldog is an intelligent and courageous dog, that is often used as guard dogs.

Eye Colors

Blue, Hazel, Brown, Amber

Nose Colors

Black, Brown

Coat Colors

Brown, Black, Brindle, Fawn, White, Red

Height Range

Male Height Range: 20 – 28 inches

Female Height Range: 20 – 28 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 60 – 120 lbs

Female Weight Range: 60 – 120 lbs

American Bulldog Health

Description of breed health.


10-16 yrs

American Bulldog Health Concerns

Hip And Elbow Dysplasia, Cherry Eye, Thyroid, Kidney Problems, Ichthyosis, Bone Cancer

American Bulldog Temperament and Behaviour

The American Bulldog is a large dog breed with a strong, athletic build. They are confident and determined, yet friendly and good-natured. American Bulldogs are loyal and protective of their families, and they make excellent guard dogs. They are social animals that need plenty of human interaction, and they do not do well when left alone for long periods of time. American Bulldogs are strong and active dogs that require plenty of exercise and space to run and play. They are loyal and affectionate companions that make great family dogs.

American Bulldog Activity Requirements

American Bulldogs were originally bred for bull-baiting. Although that is no longer legal, this is still a powerful and muscular dog. They can be quite energetic and athletic, so they are generally best with an active family. The American Bulldog is generally a high-energy, playful, and active dog. They require at least an hour of exercise and mental stimulation each day. They also need regular training. If you are looking for a jogging or hiking partner, an American bulldog may be a good addition to your family.

Miles Per Day

14 miles

Activity Per Day

60 minutes

Daily Food

4 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

American Bulldog is part of the Foundation Stock Service group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Not Recognized

American Bulldog is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Not Recognized

American Bulldog is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Not Recognized

American Bulldog is part of the Unclassified group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.