Dog Breed Profile

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Brittany History

The Brittany is a spaniel-type gundog that was originally developed in France. The Brittany has been recognized by the United Kennel Club since 1937. The Brittany is one of the smallest members of the Spaniel family, and is highly regarded for its retrieving abilities. The Brittany is a medium-sized, muscular, square-built, short-haired gundog that comes in colors of brown, roan, and black & white. The Brittany is a forceful, energetic, versatile, and loyal bird dog. The history of the Brittany is steeped in legend. According to one tale, the “Brittany” name was given by mariners during the 12th century. The sailors mistook the dog they saw on board a Breton ship for a “Brec”, or fox-like animal. The sailors were referring to the long, bushy tail of the dogs, which resembled the tail of a “Brec”. The “Bredogs” were used by the fishermen of southern Britain to hunt red, roe, and fallow deer, pheasant, partridge, and grouse. These hunting dogs were crossed with Water Spaniels and English Setters to produce the “English Pointed” and “English Setter” breeds, which were eventually developed into today’s English Cocker Spaniel and English Pointer.

Time of Origin


Country of Origin


Brittany Physical Characteristics

The Brittany is a medium-small breed of gundog. It is a small, active hunting dog that is agile, energetic, and athletic. They typically have a reddish-brown or chestnut-colored fur with white markings, usually white on their chests, white on their bellies, and white on their toes and under the tail. They stand between 15 and 18 inches at the withers and weigh between 30 and 40 pounds. They have a flat muzzle, bushy eyebrows, and dark eyes. The Brittany is a quick learner and is a loyal companion.

Eye Colors

Hazel, Brown, Amber

Nose Colors


Coat Colors


Height Range

Male Height Range: 17 – 20 inches

Female Height Range: 17 – 20 inches

Weight Range

Male Weight Range: 30 – 40 lbs

Female Weight Range: 30 – 40 lbs

Brittany Health

Description of breed health.


12-13 yrs

Brittany Health Concerns

Hip Dysplasia, Epilepsy, Glaucoma, Lens Luxation, Cerebellar Abiotrophy, Hypothyroidism, Muscular Atrophy

Brittany Temperament and Behaviour

The Brittanies is a playful and high energy dog that is happy indoors or outdoors. They are generally kind and get along well with people, other dogs and cats. They are extremely smart, and can be trained to do a variety of tricks. They are loyal to their owners, but are also independent and like to be in charge.

Brittany Activity Requirements

Brittanys are a high-energy, intelligent hunting dog that originated in France. They are still used for hunting, but have also become popular as family pets. They are loyal, friendly, and energetic. While Brittanys aren’t overly demanding when it comes to physical exercise, they do need regular walks and some playtime. They do best in homes with yards where they can run around and play. If you are looking for a high energy, trainable dog, consider the French Brittany. They are a highly intelligent, hard-working, and affectionate breed. They do best with an active family and will need lots of physical and mental exercise.

Miles Per Day


Activity Per Day


Daily Food

2.5 cups

Kennel Club Recognition

American Kennel Club

Recognized by the American Kennel Club

Brittany is part of the Sporting group.

Visit the American Kennel Club website.

The Kennel Club

Recognized by The Kennel Club

Brittany is part of the Gundog group.

Visit the Kennel Club website.

Australian National Kennel Council

Recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council

Brittany is part of the Gundog group.

Visit the Australian National Kennel Council website.

Canadian Kennel Club

Recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club

Brittany is part of the Sporting group.

Visit the Canadian Kennel Club website.